In the middle of the 19th century, German Neurologist A brain – intestine relationship by Leopold Auerbach … The process is as follows: Leopold Auerbach takes and examines particles from a gut. As a result of this examination, two layers of nerve cells in the wall of the intestine is a communication network. Afterwards, British doctors William Bayliss and Ernest Starling are aware of this work by Auerbach and are beginning to explore this in more detail.
Intestinal microbiota plays an important role in brain intestinal communication.
The nervous system that provides the intestinal relationship with the central nervous system is called the ini Enteric Nervous System Bağ. There are about 500 million neurons in this system. The enteric nervous system is the second brain that has an effect on our behavior and mental balance. The enteric nervous system, which has similar features to the brain, can work independently and has an effect on our behaviors with signals sent to the brain by the vagus nerve. The beginning of the enteric nervous system is the esophagus, the end is anus. It works in cooperation with the enteric nervous system and brain.
There is a two-way path * communication between the brain and the gastrointestinal tract. The microorganisms that live in the intestine are in communication with the intestinal epithelium and immune system cells; It is thought to have a role in the formation of many neuropsychiatric and metabolic disorders, especially autoimmune diseases. There are 40,000 kinds of bacteria in the intestine and approximately 100 trillion microorganisms. This is 10 times more than the total number of cells in the human body. This microorganism community in the gut is called as ğ Mikrobiota “. Microbiota has been suggested to communicate with the brain through various mechanisms and there are several studies supporting it.
Bilateral brain-intestinal communication; It has an important role in the regulation of gastrointestinal functions such as motility, secretions, blood flow, intestinal permeability, immune activity and sensation of pain. Intestinal microbiota plays an important role in brain intestinal communication.
of the serotonin known as the hormone 90 percent of happiness is found in the digestive system
I can’t draw you a picture of happiness, but I can give you the formula. Dopamine and serotonin. These are the basic substances that stimulate the reward center in our brains. Some people go by, buy a top floor of a very expensive residence for dopamine secrete. Some go by eating double hamburger for dopamine. Dopamine is the same dopamine. So happiness is all about you. It’s not about what you have.
Just like the brain, the enteric nervous system releases substances called neurotracers, which affect our emotions and behaviors. So we can call it a second brain for the digestive system. The main task of the enteric nervous system is to regulate the movements of the digestive system and the release of hormones, enzymes and various secretions involved in the digestive process. He does not need brains to do this, but he is in constant communication with the brain. Ninety percent of the neural communication pathways between the brain and the digestive tract are the pathways that drive the brain from the digestive tract. In other words, our digestive system keeps our brains bombarded with warning. These warnings are filtered through the lower brain segments, and we feel only some of them. If there was no filter system, we would perceive every bowel movement as pain.
The hamburger you eat can cause you to fall in love.
Pheromones have very strong effects on our behaviors, especially their choice of spouses. it is an important issue that bacteria affect the selection of spouses through pheromones. Because the toast you eat in the morning may cause you to like the person you see on the bus on the way go back home in the evening.
To summarize; the digestive system is almost the second brain. Healthy and happy digestive system means that the whole body is healthy and happy. The path to healthy digestive system is balanced and healthy nutrition.